“Resilience Seminar #41” Jan. 26 [for Members and Generals]

The Resilience seminar cordially invite you to join the following hybrid seminar.
For zoom participation, prior registration is required here.

Resilience Seminar #41

  • Date & Time: January 26, 2023, Thu 16:30-18:15 JST
  • Language: English
  • Venue: Seminar Room E220, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University
    and Zoom Web Seminar (hybrid)

Speaker

Masanori Matsuura, Institute of Developing Economies (IDE-JETRO)

Title

Weather Shocks, Livelihood Diversification, and Household Food Security: Empirical Evidence from Rural Bangladesh

Abstract

Extreme weather shocks have occurred more frequently because of global climate change. Livelihood diversification including crop and income diversification is one of the most remarkable strategies to cope with economic and weather shocks to improve rural livelihood. We investigate the empirical linkages among weather shocks, livelihood diversification, and household food security, exploiting three waves of nationally representative rural household panel data merged with granular climate data in Bangladesh

Brief bio

Mr. Masanori Matsuura worked for a Japanese private think tank as an analyst and obtained MSc in Agricultural Economics at National Taiwan University, prior to joining IDE-JETRO. His research interests lie in the intersection among climate change, food security, health, and rural development.


Contact

Division of Natural Resource Economics
Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University
Ken Miura

  • [at] (replace [at] with @)

*This seminar is co-hosted by Kyoto Environment and Development Seminar and Hokkaido Branch of Japan Association for African Studies.




Ethical Agri-food Systems and Rural Development

Ethical agri-food systems and rural development Poverty alleviation is placed as the first object in the SDGs as well as in the MDGs. Most impoverished people are peasants in the Global South. Accordingly, the SDGs put a high priority on rural development. However, it is difficult for peasants to get out of poverty under the current global agri-food system. Although Fair Trade (FT) has a potential to solve such difficulty by providing an alternative agri-food system, it has not developed its full potential, so far. One of the reasons for this is the small size of the FT market.

This is because FT products are unlikely to directly improve the utility of consumers. Therefore, we need the ethics (“economy of virtue” by Adam Smith), such as consumers’ awareness on social responsibility and sympathy for poor producers in the Global South. The establishment and expansion of ethical consumption for human rights, the environment, and justice can be seen as an embodiment of such ethics.

This research project aims at clarifying the achievements and challenges of rural development by ethical agri-food systems based on FT and ethical consumption (both of which are considered ethical transactions). In addition, we will adopt the viewpoint of food movements such as “right to food” and “food sovereignty” which are attracting attention in the Global North. This research project will reach three outcomes as follows:

  1. Clarifying the problems of the current agri-food systems and conditions for
    the establishment and expansion of the ethical agri-food systems,
  2. Identifying a pathway to integrative rural development, including poverty alleviation,
  3. Presenting the benefits of ethical agri-food systems, especially for consumers in “developed” countries, and the resulting expansion of the FT market.